Human beings have always been afraid of the unknown
This is the catastrophic scenario imagined by some of us. Human beings have always been afraid of the unknown. Lack of control is the cause of this form of fear . The risks of artificial intelligence becoming uncontrollable and taking control over humanity are minimal, according to the majority of specialists.
However, it is worth noting that the CEO of Open AI, Sam Altman, believes that the development of artificial intelligence poses an existential threat to humanity. He advocates for government intervention to regulate artificial intelligence.
Nonetheless, there are certain risks when artificial intelligence falls into the wrong hands. It can be used for criminal or disinformation purposes. Several malicious uses can be identified, including:
1.Identitying theft and deep fakes, creating manipulated videos that overlay one person’s image onto another’s.
2.Automative Hacking. In 2015, two white hat hackers, Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek, took control of a Jeep Cherokee driven by journalist Andy Greenberg.
3.Phishing: This involves stealing sensitive information, typically in the form of usernames, passwords, credit card numbers, bank account information or other important data or installing malicious software.
4.Hacking AI based systems by disrupting or controlling operations, such as disrupting railway traffic.
5.Beyond these risks, there are several challenges to address regarding the development and use of artificial intelligence. These challenges include ethical, economic, data protection, social, decision-making responsibility, and legal challenges.
The real risks pertain to an ethical nature. Indeed, artificial intelligence could be discriminatory. It relies mainly on data that doesn’t take context into account. It could be built upon historical data that marginalized racial minorities, women, and so on. This heavy reliance on data makes handling exceptions difficult, at least for the time being. The metadata on which artificial intelligence is based may include a significant number of biases and assumptions. This wouldn’t be without consequences for certain groups of people in terms of inequalities and injustice. This is known as informational bias. The absence of consciousness and especially empathy can make it difficult to understand the motivations and attitudes of human beings.
Data Protection Challenges
The use of artificial intelligence often requires access to large quantities of data, including personal data. This raises concerns about data privacy and security, necessitating the establishment of appropriate regulations and protective measures.
In addition to this, there’s a significant challenge related to mass surveillance. Images from video surveillance, location data, electronic messages, audio recordings, and more are all forms of intrusions into the private lives of others. Through these data, both companies and governments can employ various persuasive techniques to manipulate behavior.
In addition to the previously mentioned discriminatory nature, artificial intelligence could have an impact on employment. Automation, powered by artificial intelligence, could lead to the elimination disappearance of certain jobs, especially those of routine nature or based on predictable tasks. This could create economic disparities and necessitate measures to facilitate the transition of workers into new jobs.
Furthermore, artificial intelligence can give rise to addictive behaviors. The quality of the user experience and its immersive nature can sometimes result in dependence on interfaces created by artificial intelligence. Excessive reliance on these systems can render societies vulnerable in case of technological failures, power outages, or cyber attacks.
Challenges of Decision-Making Responsibility
When artificial intelligence systems make decisions that impact individuals, third-party liability turns important in case of errors or adverse consequences. The opacity of AI models and the lack of clear accountability pose challenges in this domain.
Artificial intelligence raises questions about appropriate regulations and legislation. Currently, there is no legal framework that governs the use of artificial intelligence. The absence of standards for transparency, accountability and security is notable.
As mentioned earlier, AI systems often require substantial amounts of personal data to function effectively. This raises concerns about privacy and data protection.
The issue of liability arises when autonomous AI systems make decisions. These decisions can have a significant impact on individuals and society. It remains unclear who to hold responsibility to in case of erroneous decisions or harm caused by AI systems.
Artificial intelligence has presented us with a set of unavoidable challenges. We are in the midst of a major inexorable technological revolution. It is up to us to adapt and find ways to harness its potential for the best and most beneficial outcomes. Artificial intelligence should be seen as a tool that can enhance efficiency, innovation and productivity across various domains, leading to significant economic, social and environmental benefits.